The history of the truffle goes back deep into antiquity. In that era, the truffle, greatly appreciated by the Greeks and Romans for its aphrodisiac properties, had a place at acombll fine tables. In the Middle Ages, considered as devilish, even satanic, due to its black colour and the fact that it grew underground, it fell out of favour.
It found new life a few decades later in the court of the Avignon Popes in the Vaucluse and had a presence at every banquet. It reached its golden age in the 19th century. The phylloxera crisis (a disease caused by an aphid from North America) in all vines across Europe, with its disastrous effect on vineyards, was a godsend for truffle hunters who were able to comb the fallow land ideal for truffle growing.